The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. It amended the Citizenship Act of 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Parsi, Buddhist, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan before December 2014. Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility. The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) proposed all-India National Register of Citizens (NRC) will require Bano to prove they are Indian. They might lose their citizenship and be declared an infiltrator if they are unable to show the requisite documents. At best, they might spend months in one of the detention centers being built across the country to house the newly created refugees—at worst, they could be deported to another country or be left stateless. Considering that there is a lack of awareness, inaccessible registration centers, and no immediate requirement for these certificates, several Indians have been unable to create documents. 38 % of Indian children under the age of 5 do not have birth certificates. Most documents are usually lacking for even older people. Government data shows that 6.8 million births were not registered in India in 2015-2016, and the situation is worse for older residents. It has been criticized by many. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) called it “fundamentally discriminatory”, adding that while India’s “goal of protecting persecuted groups is welcome”, this should be accomplished through a non-discriminatory “robust national asylum system”. There have been mass protests on a large scale and 44 people have died.